How to Speed Up Nginx with Varnish Cache on CentOS 7

    

 Varnish Cache is an open-source, high-performance HTTP accelerator designed for speeding up web servers. 

In short, this blog will show you how to install and use Varnish Cache as a front-end to the Nginx HTTP server in CentOS 7. Need any assistance regarding installation and configuration, you can take our technical team support to been done on your behalf under our server management services

Step 1

Install Nginx Web Server on CentOS 7

By using the YUM package manager you can install the Nginx HTTP server from the default CentOS repositories.

# yum install nginx

Install Nginx on CentOS 7

Once done with the installation, start enabling the Nginx service automatically at system boot.

# systemctl start nginx
# systemctl enable nginx
# systemctl status nginx

Start and Enable Nginx at Boot

By using the following commands to modify system firewall rules to permit inbound packets on port 80.

# firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-port=80/tcp
# firewall-cmd --reload
# firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-port=8080/tcp
# firewall-cmd –reload

Step 2

Ins

Install Varnish Cache on CentOS 7

For the varnish cache 6 latest version 

The pre-compiled RPM packages available for the latest version of Varnish Cache 6 (i.e 6.5 at the time of writing), therefore you are requested to add the official Varnish Cache repository.

 Enable the EPEL repository in order to install several dependency packages.

# yum install -y epel-release

Next, install pygpgme, the package that handles the signatures and yum-utils, a collection of useful utilities that extend yum’s native features in various ways.

# yum install pygpgme yum-utils

Create a file named /etc/yum.repos.d/varnishcache_varnish5.repo that contains the repository configuration.

# vi /etc/yum.repos.d/varnishcache_varnish65.repo

Important: Ensure to replace el and 7 in the config below with your Linux distribution and version:

[varnishcache_varnish65]
name=varnishcache_varnish65
baseurl=https://packagecloud.io/varnishcache/varnish65/el/7/$basearch
repo_gpgcheck=1
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
gpgkey=https://packagecloud.io/varnishcache/varnish65/gpgkey
sslverify=1
sslcacert=/etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.crt
metadata_expire=300


Update local yum cache and then install varnish cache package by running the command.

# yum -q makecache -y --disablerepo='*' --enablerepo='varnishcache_varnish65'
# yum install varnish 

Once the varnish cache has been installed, and the main executable will be installed as /usr/sbin/varnishd and varnish configuration files are located in /etc/varnish/:

  • /etc/varnish/default.vcl – this is the main varnish configuration file, it has been written by using vanish configuration language(VCL).

Now start the varnish service, by enabling automatically start during system boot, ensure it’s running well by verifying the status. 

# systemctl start varnish
# systemctl enable varnish
# systemctl status varnish

Confirm that varnish has successfully installed on your system.

$ which varnishd
$ varnishd -V

Sample Output

varnishd (varnish-6.5.1 revision 1dae23376bb5ea7a6b8e9e4b9ed95cdc9469fb64)
Copyright (c) 2006 Verdens Gang AS
Copyright (c) 2006-2020 Varnish Software

Step 3

Configure Nginx to Work With Varnish Cache

 Configure Nginx to work with Varnish Cache, where you can see the Nginx listens on port 80 as default. later, you need to change the default Nginx port to 8080.

Open the Nginx config file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf and find default listen 80 and change it to  8080 in the server block.

# vi /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

Note: Do it in all server block configuration files (usually created under /etc/nginx/conf.d/) for websites that serve under the varnish. 

Later, find the parameter ExecStart by opening the varnish service configuration file that displaces the port and then tries to change the port from 6081 to 80.

# systemctl edit --full varnish

The line displaces as shown below.

ExecStart=/usr/sbin/varnishd -a :80 -f /etc/varnish/default.vcl -s malloc,256m

Next, set up Nginx as a backend server for Varnish proxy, in the /etc/varnish/default.vcl configuration file.

# vi /etc/varnish/default.vcl 

Define host IP and port from the backend section

backend default {
    .host = "127.0.0.1";
    .port = "8080";
}

Set this to point to your actual content server.

Restart Ngnix HTTPD once all the necessary configuration has been done. You can see the above changes.

# systemctl daemon-reload
# systemctl restart nginx
# systemctl restart varnish

Step 4

Test Varnish Cache on Nginx

Finally, test the varnish cache is enabled and working well with the Nginx service by using the following command.

# curl -I http://localhost

Output

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: nginx/1.16.1
Date: Wed, 06 Jan 2021 09:24:18 GMT
Content-Type: text/html
Content-Length: 4833
Last-Modified: Fri, 16 May 2014 15:12:48 GMT
ETag: "53762af0-12e1"
X-Varnish: 2
Age: 0
Via: 1.1 varnish (Varnish/6.5)
Accept-Ranges: bytes
Connection: keep-alive

Conclusion

This blog will explain to you how to install and setup varnish cache for the Nginx HTTP server on centOS 7. If you need any assistance, our technical team will be available at any time to help you.

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